Over the past few years, there has been an increase in demand, by companies, for finance majors. Majoring in finance can be a very challenging thing to do, because there is a lot of material that they have to know in order to graduate. For example, most American students who chose this major has to learn the stock trading system and be proficient in stock market technical analysis, so they will be able to give people advice about investments. It is important that a business student have a good balance between math skills and business savvy which can be difficult for many people because these two skills can be incredibly hard to balance.
With this degree, there is a lot of math involved. Almost any type of job with a major in finance might get after college will involve doing plenty of math. The students are required to take a variety of math courses that emphasize business situations, not the kind of very complex problems an engineer major might do, for example. They need to know how to calculate good investments, like what the financial risks are and what money could be made over time. Both finance and accounting are the two business-related majors that require the most math skills.
With this major, college students need to know a great deal about investments. They need to be able to tell clients and sometimes other companies what businesses or people are good investments, so whoever their clients are can get a good return. They also have to know how the market itself works, so they are able to explain it to someone who may not necessarily have their background with math and business.
Combined with math skills and knowledge about investments, like most college majors in business, the student must know how to problem solve. This is one of the most critical skills for any college graduate to know. Companies want to hire people who have the ability to look at almost any kind of issue and come up with a practical solution in a timely fashion. An example of this in the business industry, would be what soon to be parents can invest their money in to start saving for their child’s college costs.
It is a very difficult curriculum because with this business degree it requires both a lot of math knowledge and a lot of business savvy and sense. Many people normally get a job at a large company right after college and then either start their own business or move up in a large corporation. There are lots of different jobs for a student with this major can take out of college, which makes them pretty marketable. As with any other college major, a college graduate needs to have good problem solving skills in a short amount of time. The good news is that many people who have a finance degree are very successful because their university has taught them the skills required really well. All in all, finance majors need to learn whatever they can from their chosen college, so they can have very successful careers in the industry.
For the average person today, getting ahead financially seems like an almost impossible feat. It’s difficult for many to envision ever escaping the rat race when the cost of living is so high and wages are so low. Seeing no way out, most just suck it up and push through, trying to make the “best of it” the only way they know how – by working harder.
WORKING HARD DOESN’T WORK
The problem with this approach is that the rules of money have changed, and working hard simply doesn’t work anymore. Most people have no idea that the rules of money have changed and that they are being penalized for playing by the old rules. Working hard used to work. Saving money used to work. However, after the rules changed in 1971, working hard and saving money progressively makes you poorer.
Because of a lack of financial education, a number of people find themselves metaphorically attempting to push a boulder up the side of a hill. A very few might make it, but for the majority the hill wins. This is what life is like today for those who don’t have a financial education and choose to play by the old rules and work hard.
The new rules require that your money work hard for you, instead of you working hard for money. You can look at this as “growing money on trees.” The rich don’t work hard for money. The rich have their money grow on trees, and so should you!
WORK TO ACCUMULATE ASSETS
The rich work to accumulate assets. In very simple terms, assets are things that place money in your pocket. Some examples are businesses, stocks, real estate, and precious metals. When we speak of growing money on trees, the asset is represented by the tree. Whether it is a business, real estate, stocks, or precious metals, the tree – as an asset – represents something that places money in your pocket.
How the asset performs is represented by its quality of DIRT. DIRT stands for debt, inflation, retirement, and taxes.
IT’S ABOUT HAVING GOOD DIRT
Having a sound financial education provides you the ability to increase the amount of money that goes into your pocket because of a high quality of DIRT. The poor and middle class suffer due to a lack of financial education. This is why they end up deeply in debt, destroyed by inflation, sold the riskiest of investments, and paying the highest in taxes.
Playing by the old rules is a losing proposition and dangerous! Learn to have your money work hard for you. Learn to grow your money on trees through assets – just like the rich.
The bill collectors are calling you and everyone you know, your wages are about to be garnished and you can barely pay the necessities. You know you need to file bankruptcy. So what is stopping you, the fear of losing your car, truck, or motorcycle?
In most cases when you file bankruptcy you can keep your vehicle. Of course, it is a little more complicated than just file bankruptcy don’t worry about your car. This article will explore several scenarios I have dealt with in the past dealing with bankruptcies and client’s vehicles. Motorcycles come with a caveat, here it is… Motorcycles are slightly different from other vehicles in that they can been classified as non necessity luxury items so contact your attorney to see what your specific options are regarding motorcycles.
Scenarios in a Chapter 7 Fresh Start Bankruptcy.
Scenario 1. You owe nothing on the car and it is not worth that much. You do not make enough money to cover even your basic needs, you have a car and you do not want to lose it. Chances are if you have a car in this situation you own it outright. Whether you can keep it or not will depend on the value of the car. In Washington, for example, the automobile exemption for an individual is $3450.00. Washington also allows a wildcard exemption of $3000.00. If your car is worth $4500.00 in its current condition, an individual could use the full motor vehicle exemption and then use $1050 of the wildcard. That will fully protect your car and still save $1950.00 of your wildcard. Your car is safe.
Scenario 2. You owe nothing on the car but it is worth more than the exemption value. This is the most complicated scenario in a chapter 7 bankruptcy and may be better dealt with in a chapter 13. Nevertheless, there are options in a chapter 7. Let’s say the car is worth $10,000.00. As discussed above, you can use the current vehicle exemption of $3450.00. You can then add to that the wild card exemption of $3000.00. That protects $6450.00 of value in the vehicle. meaning that you have $3550.00 unprotected. Now we have a couple of options.
1) Let the trustee take and sell the vehicle and use the proceeds to pay off some of your creditors. If you do this, the trustee will cut you a check for $6450.00 and use the $3450 that is unprotected to pay some of your creditors. You could then use this money to help get a new car or to buy a used car outright.
2) Try to work out a deal with the trustee to repay the unexempt equity. Trustees are usually willing to work out a reasonable payment plan to allow you to keep something like a vehicle. Common terms might be to pay back the equity in six equal installments, or to make a down payment with a monthly payment that ends in a larger payment when you get your tax refund. You need to be careful with this useful arraignment, if you default on your payments your discharge could be denied or revoked.
3) Try to get a new loan on the car after the bankruptcy is finished which would allow you to pay the equity to the trustee. You would then have a car payment to pay the newly incurred loan.
Scenario 3. You owe less on the car than what the car is worth. If you are looking to file a chapter 7 to obtain a fresh start and avoid making a chapter 13 trustee payment, you should be able to protect that car. Say the car is valued at $15000.00 and you still owe $12000.00. In this case you have $3000.00 in equity. Because the automobile exemption is worth more than the equity you have in the vehicle, your car will be protected. You will need to speak with your attorney about what to do during and after the case, but you will need to maintain your loan payment if you wish to keep the vehicle.
Scenario 4. You owe more on the car than it is worth. In this scenario you might owe, for example, $15000.00 on a car that is only worth $7000.00. You have several options under this scenario.
1) decide to let go of the car. Why pay more than double the value of anything? You could surrender the vehicle and then look to purchase a vehicle with better terms after the discharge;
2) You could continue to pay on the vehicle at the terms provided in the loan agreement;
3) We could seek a redemption loan whereby you get a new loan that is only up to the value of the car in its current condition. In this case you need to qualify for the new loan and there may be additional attorney’s fees but it could potentially save you a lot of money and keep you in a car that you love.
Scenario 5. Bonus Scenario! You have unexempt equity in your vehicle but you also have tax liens which attach to personal property. This one is a little tricky, but if you have no other equity in any other property and the amount of the tax lien is greater than the unexempt equity in your vehicle, the trustee is not likely to bother with you or your vehicle. The down side to this is that if they were to take and sell the car for the unexempt equity, they would then use that money to pay off or to pay down your tax lien. If the trustee leaves you and your vehicle alone, you are still going to have to find a way to deal with those taxes once your bankruptcy is done.
Scenarios in a Chapter 13 repayment plan bankruptcy:
Scenario 1. You owe nothing on your car and it is worth less than the exemptible amounts. Under this scenario, your vehicle would have no impact on your chapter 13 plan payment.
Scenario 2. You owe nothing on your car but it is worth more than the exemptible amounts. Under this scenario, we have to offer the unexempt value to the creditors in the form of your trustee payment. While this goes beyond the scope of this article, we can pay the unexempt value by way of the trustee payment over a period of time lasting as long as 60 months. This is a valuable tool if you have a car that is worth a lot of money and you cannot bear to part with it.
Scenario 3. You owe money on the car and you want to keep it. This scenario gets complicated depending on whether the loan on your car was taken out at the time that you bought the car. It also matters as to how long ago you bought the car. If you bought the car more than 910 days ago, we can cram down what you pay on the car based on its current value. So say that you owe $15000.00 on the car but it is only worth $7000.00, we can propose a plan that only pays that creditor back $7000.00 as a secured claim. We can also lower the interest payment on the car depending on the rate that the loan is for and depending on the jurisdiction. If you bought the car less than 910 days ago, we may still be able to lower the interest rate that you pay on the car, but the full dollar amount of the outstanding loan would have to be paid back as a secured creditor.
Scenario 4. You owe money on the car and you just do not want it any more. In this scenario a chapter 13 can also be a good option depending on what the rest of your financial situation looks like. We can propose a plan that surrenders the collateral. The lien holder will come and get the car. They then have to sell it and credit your account for the amount of the sale. In the chapter 13 they are then able to file an unsecured claim for the remaining balance. The benefit to you though is that you will end up paying less than you owed (possibly zero) and paying no further interest on the loan.
Conclusion: As you can see, there is no simple answer to what happens to a car in a bankruptcy. The good news though is that there are many options that allow you to keep your vehicle and still other options that will allow you to escape from a bad deal. If you find yourself in financial difficulty and the thought of losing your only car is stopping you from filing, call your local bankruptcy attorney to discuss which option might be best for you.